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The beginning of the introduction and mapped locations of anti-Muslim attacks

islamophobic_attacks_2

Each location and date is linked to a summary of the event and the news source used

For a Webmapping course at the University of Vienna, I produced an ArcGIS Online Journal Story Map (available here) with my colleague, Marie-Louise Kröhl, documenting anti-Muslim attacks in the USA reported in the media during the first two weeks following the terrorist attack in San Bernardino, CA on December 2nd, 2015. We had heard about the spike in attacks and realised that in all of the news reports sometimes lists existed, but a spatial component was absent.

A special report issued by Brian Levin, J.D., Director of the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University in San Bernardino included a list of attacks reported in the media since the terrorist attacks in Paris in November 2015 that they deemed to be apparent hate crimes as defined by the FBI. A few other lists and collections of news articles were also taken into consideration in creating the list of events that were mapped. A county-based map showing the winners of the popular vote from the 2012 general presidential election was used as a backdrop giving a relative political orientation across the country. This collection of events of violent attacks against Muslims or perceived Muslims is by no means comprehensive or complete.

On the 7th of December, Donald Trump called for a ban on Muslim immigration to the United States. President Obama responded to this widespread islamophobic violence on January 13, 2016 during his last State of the Union Address at Congress.

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